Migraine is a neurological disease. It is manifested by attacks that can occur with different frequency – from 1-2 times a year up to several times a month. But most often seizures appear 2-8 times a month.
More than 10% of the world’s population suffer from this disease. Women are more prone to migraine than men.
During an attack a person loses his ability to work, and the ability of the patient to fulfill his labor duties is called into question.
There are two types of the disease: a migraine with aura and a usual migraine.
Aura is a harbinger that appears 10 to 30 minutes before the attack. During this period, the patient may have flickering in the eyes, partially lose vision, lose sensitivity. Migraine with aura is considered classic.
Causes of migraine
There are several theories that explain the occurrence of migraine headache:
- Deterioration of blood supply to the brain due to narrowing of the alveolar lumen;
- Uneven expansion of cerebral vessels and a decreased reactivity of arterioles with respect to carbon dioxide;
- Disorders of the central nervous system;
- Violations associated with the exchange of serotonin;
- Increase and decrease in blood pressure.
Often, people who suffer from this illness feel pain after:
- Physical activity;
- Nervous overstrain;
- Stay in a stuffy, smoky place;
- Drinking beer, red wine, champagne;
- Reception of hormonal contraceptives;
- Weather changes and climatic conditions;
- Excess or lack of sleep;
- Consumption of cheese, chocolate, citrus, nuts, fish;
- During PMS.
With a classic migraine (with aura), acute pulsating pain can be localized both in one half of the head, or in both. In this case, a person experiences the following symptoms:
- Intolerance to light and sounds;
- Nausea or even vomiting;
- Fatigue, drowsiness;
- General weakness;
- Disturbance of vision: flashes of light flash before the eyes, bright spirals, zigzags, etc.
The above symptoms intensify within a few minutes. But none of them lasts longer than an hour.
Symptoms of a usual migraine are as follows:
- Paroxysmal pulsating headaches, lasting from four hours to three days. And the pain is localized in one side of the head;
- Decreased activity;
- Increased pain during exercise, even with normal walking.
- Nausea and vomiting.
Treatment of migraine: My Canadian Pharmacy advice
There are several ways to relieve an attack without medication. Some people feel better after neck and head massage, washing their hair, facial exercises, contrast shower, sleep. But such methods can be useful with a minor headache. Yoga, acupuncture and homeopathic preparations also help.
If the migraine is severe, then you can not do without medication from My Canadian Pharmacy. Most often, such drugs have a complex composition, their components enhance each other’s action. They are available in the form of tablets and candles.
Tablets are more convenient to use. But they are ineffective in those cases when there is a spasm of the stomach. You can try a soluble dosage form or tablets for resorption.
The choice of the drug should be approved by your doctor. But remember: they have contraindications, which must be considered before admission.
Medicines containing caffeine are more effective, but can be addictive.
Preventing migraine attacks
Preventive measures for migraine include a diet, restorative measures, taking medicines to organize a healthy lifestyle.
The dose and scheme of taking medications should be determined only by a neuropathologist in the case when the number of seizures exceeds 1-2 per quarter. The most commonly used drugs for migraine relief:
- Panadol Extra,
- Movexx Plus,
All of them are available at My Canadian Pharmacy at a reasonable price.
Patients suffering from migraine should avoid psychological and physical overstrain. Deterrent hostility and repressed anger also lead to the attack.
Avoid lack of sleep. Regularly engage in gymnastics and monitor the cleanliness of the air in the room. With a healthy lifestyle and properly selected treatment, it is possible to reduce the number of seizures to 2-3 per year.
It is necessary to follow to a special diet, in which there will be no provocative products.
My Canadian Pharmacy advises avoiding:
- Alcohol – beer, wine;
- Thiamine. It is contained in hard cheese, pickled herring, chicken liver;
- Aspartame. It is contained: in sweet carbonated drinks;
- Nuts, cocoa, chocolate, citrus fruits;
- Painted meat products – smoked sausages, ham;
- Fatty dairy products.
One also requires a balanced three meals a day to prevent a decrease in blood glucose.