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Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics (alternatively spelled orthopaedic surgery and orthopaedics) is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.

The range of treatments provided by orthopedists is extensive. They include procedures such as traction , amputation , hand reconstruction, spinal fusion , and joint replacements. They also treat strains and sprains, broken bones, and dislocations. Some specific procedures performed by orthopedic surgeons are arthroplasty , arthroscopic surgery , bone grafting , fasciotomy , fracture repair , kneecap removal , and traction.

Knee Osteoarthritis in Athletes is Sports-Specific, Dependent on Previous Injuries

A study of the American College of Rheumatology presented at Annual Scientific Meeting revealed that the risk of knee osteoarthritis for athletes depends on the sport they go for and whether they hav—É had a knee injury in the past, though some kinds of sports carry a special risk on their own.

In different studies, researchers examined more than 3000 athletes playing different sports and it turned out that 8% of former athletes developed knee osteoarthritis, this number was lower than the 9% of people who were not engaged in sports. All in all, sport played a significant role in the risk of osteoarthritis in athletes.